“I have a slandered name and reputation…. The Boss if all be true comes in for a due share of bad luck. And we all as a family seem to be d–n unlucky,” bemoaned Alfred, nephew of “Boss” William Tweed.
Boss had controlled politics in New York City after the Civil War, embezzling money and getting jailed for it 1871. The scandal left his family to struggle as impoverished pariahs. Alfred sent small remittances back east from Colorado, where he moved to escape the family legacy. Apparently the scandal haunted him there, too
Learn a little more about our Tweed Family Papers here.
"As a Republic dedicated to liberty and justice for all, this Nation cannot deny equal status to women."
On August 22, 1974, President Ford signed a proclamation designating August 26 as Women’s Equality Day. That date honored the incorporation of the Nineteenth Amendment, which guaranteed women the right to vote, into the Constitution on August 26, 1920.
In the proclamation President Ford noted his previous backing of the Equal Rights Amendment and his intention to continue supporting it. “Today I want to reaffirm my personal commitment to that amendment,” he stated. “The time for ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment has come just as surely as did the time for the 19th Amendment.”
Representatives Yvonne Brathwait Burke (D-Calif), Barbara Jordan (D-Tex), Elizabeth Holtzman (D-NY), Marjorie S. Holt (R-Md), Leonor K. Sullivan (D-Mo), Cardiss Collins (D -Ill), Corinne C. Boggs (D-La), Margaret M. Heckler (R-Mass), Bella S. Abzug (D-NY), Shirley Chisholm (D-NY), Ella T. Grasso (D-Conn), Patricia Schroeder (D-Colo), and Patsy T. Mink (D-Hawaii) attended the signing ceremony held in the Cabinet Room. First Lady Betty Ford and Anne Armstrong, Counsellor to the President, were also present for the signing.
In commemoration of Women’s Equality Day, the National Archives (usnatarchives) is hosting a discussion in partnership with the Sewall-Belmont House and Museum:
Tuesday, August 26, at 7 p.m. at the William G. McGowan Theatre.
Can’t make it? The discussion will be streamed at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R2t48I3j004.
Today was the first day of class at Texas Tech, and the sidewalks around the Southwest Collection are getting crowded. Like this young lady, we all have to give in and wave goodbye to summer.
(footage courtesy of Texas in Review, 1955.)
In the 1860s and 70s, William “Boss” Tweed was the New York City politician who illicitly made and broke others’ careers. The law caught up with him, and he died in jail in 1878, leaving behind a destitute family with a besmirched name. Years later, his sister was still pumping family members for cash. Her son, Frank, wrote the letter above on February 9, 1881, to explain with all manner of excuses why he could not send her money to pay rent.
The story doesn’t stop here. Here’s some more about our Tweed Family Papers.
Tweed was a notoriously corrupt New York politician just after the Civil War. Jailed in 1871, his ill-gotten fortune disappeared, leaving his sister Margaret pleading for help with her debts, such as the $97 needed to pay for heating coal during the winter. The quote above was his response.
We’ve written a bit more about our Tweed Papers over here.
A machine that really adds up
This drawing by William Seward Burroughs is from his first patent application for a calculating machine—an important step toward the modern computer. A sometime clerk, box maker, and mechanic, Burroughs resolved to invent a machine that could add automatically and print the result. He was issued the patent on August 21, 1888.
Drawing for a Calculating Machine, 08/21/1888